Asp.Net MVC 读取json文件

有些系统上面的配置可以做成config里面的appsetting。这里要求写在json文件里面。

 首先 添加命名空间 

using Newtonsoft.Json;
using System.IO;
using Newtonsoft.Json.Linq;
using System.Web;

 下面是我json文件里面的内容 因为西门下面的序号是 变动的就写在配置文件里面也好修改

{
  "StatisticalChart": {
    "0": "/Common/CountReport/DefaultStatis", 
    "68": "/Common/CountReport/CustomerManagerStatis", 
    "98": "/Common/CountReport/FirstExamineStatis",
    "84": "/Common/CountReport/QualityCheckStatis", 
    "112": "/Common/CountReport/ElectricFinalCheckStatis", 
    "70": "/Common/CountReport/ExecutiveDirectorStatis" 
  },
  "NameGetCode":{
    "Default": "0",
    "CustomerManager": "68",
    "FirstExamine": "98",
    "QualityCheck": "84",
    "ElectricFinalCheck": "112",
    "ExecutiveDirector": "70"
  }
}

下面是读取StatisticalChart节点里面的内容 power权限参数 用户登录之后获得。

/// <summary>
        /// 通过角色读取配置文件返回地址
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="power">权限编号</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static string GetUrlByPower(string power)
        {
            string url = "";
            try
            {
                //文件路径
                string jsonfile = HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath($"\\App_Data\\config\\StatisticalChartConfig.json");
                //打开文件
                System.IO.StreamReader file = System.IO.File.OpenText(jsonfile);
                //加载问卷
                JsonTextReader reader = new JsonTextReader(file);
                //转化为JObject
                JObject ojb = (JObject)JToken.ReadFrom(reader);
                //读取StatisticalChart节点
                var list = ojb["StatisticalChart"].ToString();
                JObject jo = (JObject)JsonConvert.DeserializeObject(list);
                var dat = jo[power];
                if (dat == null)
                    url = "";
                else
                    url = dat.ToString();
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                url = "";
                throw new Exception($"初始化JSON流程配置失败:{e.Message}");
            }
            return url;
        }

另外一种 中国省市县的json文件

读取的方法(我是通过身份证号码获取信息用到的)

//读取json文件获取代码对应的省市县
                string jsonfile =HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath($"\\App_Data\\Config\\AreasData.json");
                StreamReader file = File.OpenText(jsonfile);
                JsonTextReader reader = new JsonTextReader(file);
                var obj = JToken.ReadFrom(reader).ToList();
                for (int i = 0; i < obj.Count; i++)
                {
                    JObject jo = (JObject)JsonConvert.DeserializeObject(obj[i].ToString());
                    if (jo["zoneCode"].ToString() == AreasCodess)
                    {
                        var Data = new AreasCode()
                        {
                            Province = jo["province"].ToString(),
                            ProvinceCode = jo["provinceCode"].ToString(),
                            City = jo["city"].ToString(),
                            CityCode = jo["cityCode"].ToString(),
                            Country = jo["zone"].ToString(),
                            CountryCode = jo["zoneCode"].ToString()
                        };
                        list.Add(Data);
                        break;
                    }

                }

AreasCode是个实体类 接收参数的Model,AreasCodess是区域代码。读取json文件代码就这些 全面几步都是一样的 后面要看具体的json文件格式,就跟Ajax一样 返回来数据类型 是后台决定的你才好解析!

 

获取身份证信息也贴上吧,后面用到又来拿

/// <summary>
        /// 获取身份证信息
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="identityCard">身份证号码</param>
        /// <param name="ageIsTrue">显示年龄是否是真实大小(当前年份减去出生年份 月份 日期都要计算)</param>
        /// <returns>List->IDCard模型</returns>
        public static List<IDCard> GetIDCardInfo(string identityCard, bool ageIsTrue = true)
        {

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(identityCard))//为空返回null
                return null;
            else
            {
                if (identityCard.Length != 15 && identityCard.Length != 18)//身份证号码只能为15位或18位其它不合法
                    return null;
            }
            List<IDCard> dCards = new List<IDCard>();
            IDCard card = new IDCard();
            string strSex = string.Empty;
            //530326 1994 1201 2521 
            if (identityCard.Length == 18)//处理18位的身份证号码从号码中得到生日和性别代码
            {
                //出身年月日
                card.Birthday = identityCard.Substring(6, 4) + "-" + identityCard.Substring(10, 2) + "-" + identityCard.Substring(12, 2);
                strSex = identityCard.Substring(14, 3);//
            }
            //530323 670401 001的含义; 530为云南,03为曲靖 ,23是师宗,出生日期为1967年4月1日,顺序号为001。
            if (identityCard.Length == 15)
            {
                card.Birthday = "19" + identityCard.Substring(6, 2) + "-" + identityCard.Substring(8, 2) + "-" + identityCard.Substring(10, 2);
                //性别代码
                strSex = identityCard.Substring(12, 3);
            }

            card.Age = CalculateAge(card.Birthday, ageIsTrue);//根据生日计算年龄
            if (int.Parse(strSex) % 2 == 0)//性别代码为偶数是女性奇数为男性
                card.Sex = "女";
            else
                card.Sex = "男";
            string AreasCodess = identityCard.Substring(0, 6);
            List<AreasCode> list = new List<AreasCode>();
            try
            {
                //读取json文件获取代码对应的省市县
                string jsonfile =HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath($"\\App_Data\\Config\\AreasData.json");
                StreamReader file = File.OpenText(jsonfile);
                JsonTextReader reader = new JsonTextReader(file);
                var obj = JToken.ReadFrom(reader).ToList();
                for (int i = 0; i < obj.Count; i++)
                {
                    JObject jo = (JObject)JsonConvert.DeserializeObject(obj[i].ToString());
                    if (jo["zoneCode"].ToString() == AreasCodess)
                    {
                        var Data = new AreasCode()
                        {
                            Province = jo["province"].ToString(),
                            ProvinceCode = jo["provinceCode"].ToString(),
                            City = jo["city"].ToString(),
                            CityCode = jo["cityCode"].ToString(),
                            Country = jo["zone"].ToString(),
                            CountryCode = jo["zoneCode"].ToString()
                        };
                        list.Add(Data);
                        break;
                    }

                }
                if (list.Count > 0)
                {
                    card.Province = list[0].Province;
                    card.ProvinceCode = list[0].ProvinceCode;
                    card.City = list[0].City;
                    card.CityCode = list[0].CityCode;
                    card.Country = list[0].Country;
                    card.AreasCode = list[0].CountryCode;
                    card.AddressAreas = list[0].Province + list[0].City + list[0].Country;
                }
                dCards.Add(card);
                return dCards;
            }
            catch (Exception xx)
            {
                dCards[0].Msg = xx.Message;
                return dCards;
            }
        }


    /// <summary>
    /// 身份证信息实体类
    /// </summary>
    public class IDCard
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 年龄
        /// </summary>
        public int Age { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 性别
        /// </summary>
        public string Sex { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 生日
        /// </summary>
        public string Birthday { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 省份
        /// </summary>
        public string Province { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 市区
        /// </summary>
        public string City { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        ///  县城
        /// </summary>
        public string Country { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 身份证所在区域(省市县)
        /// </summary>
        public string AddressAreas { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 区域代码
        /// </summary>
        public string AreasCode { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 省代码
        /// </summary>
        public string ProvinceCode { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 县/区代码
        /// </summary>
        public string CityCode { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 信息
        /// </summary>
        public string Msg { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 状态
        /// </summary>
        public string Status { get; set; }

    }


/// <summary>
    /// 实体类(省市县跟代码)身份证前6位数字
    /// </summary>
    public class AreasCode
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 省份
        /// </summary>
        public string Province { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 省份代码
        /// </summary>
        public string ProvinceCode { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 市
        /// </summary>
        public string City { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 市/区 代码
        /// </summary>
        public string CityCode { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 县
        /// </summary>
        public string Country { get; set; }
        /// <summary>
        /// 县代码
        /// </summary>
        public string CountryCode { get; set; }
    }


         /// <summary>
        /// 根据出生日期,计算精确的年龄
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="birthDate">生日</param>
        /// <returns>年龄</returns>
        public static int CalculateAge(string birthDay, bool ageIs = true)
        {
            DateTime birthDate = DateTime.Parse(birthDay);
            DateTime nowDateTime = DateTime.Now;
            int age = nowDateTime.Year - birthDate.Year;
            //再考虑月、天的因素
            if (ageIs)
            {
                if (nowDateTime.Month < birthDate.Month || (nowDateTime.Month == birthDate.Month && nowDateTime.Day < birthDate.Day))
                {
                    age--;
                }
            }
            return age;
        }

 

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